Tenerife, called the pearl of the Canary Islands archipelago, is the largest, most populous and most popular of these islands. Perfect weather conditions, paradise beaches, charming towns and great food attract tourists from almost all over the world. The plethora of attractions for children and adults make it possible to travel to the place several times and every time there will be something new to visit. Let’s see when and how the island was created and what makes it so diverse in so many ways.
Tenerife, together with the remaining six populated and several hundred other Canary Islands that cannot be used by the man, are the so-called volcanic islands. This means that they are the tops of volcanic mountains rising from the abyssal plain of the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, which appeared on the surface of water about 30 million years ago (at the same time as the Alps in Europe and Atlas in Africa). When the great plates of the earth’s crust (tectonic platforms) began to move, there was probably a collision of the Atlantic plate with the block of the African continent. At that time, huge rock masses rose from the ocean and huge lava flows spilled through the cracks, which became the basis of the entire archipelago after solidification.
Location and shape
Tenerife, which belongs to Spain, is located in the centre of the Canary Islands, more than 1000 km from the Iberian Peninsula and 300 km from the Moroccan coast. It is about 80 km long and 50 km wide, and its total area covers over 2000 km2. In the heart of Tenerife there is the Teide volcano, one of the highest peaks in Europe (3718 m above sea level). The island is surrounded by a rocky coastline and due to mountains and valleys that cross it, it is clearly divided into two climatic zones.
The north-eastern part of the island is definitely more damp. Temperatures fluctuate here during the year. In this area there are excellent conditions for growing plants, such as bananas. Exotic flora delights even the most demanding tourists. Meanwhile, the southwestern part of Tenerife is characterized by warm, dry air, regardless of the season. The average temperature in the year is 25 degrees Celsius. Therefore most of the tourist resorts are located in the south, specifically in the Costa Adeje region.